Interfacial Modification of Mesoporous TiO 2 Films with PbI 2-Ethanolamine-Dimethyl Sulfoxide Solution for CsPbIBr 2 Perovskite Solar Cells

Nanomaterials (Basel). 2020 May 18;10(5):962. doi: 10.3390/nano10050962.

Abstract

As one of the most frequently-used electron-transporting materials, the mesoporous titanium dioxide (m-TiO2) film used in mesoporous structured perovskite solar cells (PSCs) can be employed for the scaffold of the perovskite film and as a pathway for electron transport, and the contact area between the perovskite and m-TiO2 directly determines the comprehensive performance of the PSCs. Because of the substandard interface combining quality between the all-inorganic perovskite CsPbIBr2 and m-TiO2, the development of the mesoporous structured CsPbIBr2 PSCs synthesized by the one-step method is severely limited. Here, we used a solution containing PbI2, monoethanolamine (EA) and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) (PED) as the interfacial modifier to enhance the contact area and modify the m-TiO2/CsPbIBr2 contact characteristics. Comparatively, the performance of the solar device based on the PED-modified m-TiO2 layer has improved considerably, and its power conversion efficiency is up to 6.39%.

Keywords: CsPbIBr2; all-inorganic perovskite; interfacial modification; mesoporous structure; solar cell.