Glycosylation is a complex multienzyme-related process that is frequently deregulated in cancer. Aberrant glycosylation can lead to the generation of novel tumor surface-specific glycotopes that can be targeted by antibodies. Murine DS6 mAb (muDS6) was generated from serous ovary adenocarcinoma immunization. It recognizes CA6, a Mucin-1 (MUC1)-associated sialoglycotope that is highly detected in breast, ovarian, lung, and bladder carcinomas. SAR566658 antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) is a humanized DS6 (huDS6) antibody conjugated through a cleavable linker to the cytotoxic maytansinoid derivative drug, DM4. SAR566658 binds to tumor cells with subnanomolar affinity, allowing good ADC internalization and intracellular delivery of DM4, resulting in tumor cell death (IC50 from 1 to 7.3 nmol/L). SAR566658 showed in vivo antitumor efficacy against CA6-positive human pancreas, cervix, bladder, and ovary tumor xenografts and against three breast patient-derived xenografts. Tumor regression was observed in all tumor models with minimal effective dose correlating with CA6 expression. SAR566658 displayed better efficacy than standard-of-care nontargeted tubulin binders. These data support the development of SAR566658 in patients with CA6-expressing tumors.
©2020 American Association for Cancer Research.