Development of an In Situ Analyzer Based on Sequential Injection Analysis and Liquid Waveguide Capillary Flow Cell for the Determination of Dissolved Reactive Phosphorus in Natural Waters

Sensors (Basel). 2020 May 24;20(10):2967. doi: 10.3390/s20102967.


This study presents an innovative technique for the in situ analysis of aquatic biochemical elements detected through wet chemical processes. A new compact in situ phosphate analyzer based on sequential injection analysis, liquid waveguide capillary flow cell and spectrophotometry was developed, and a safe and modular electronics-chemical separation mechanical structure was designed. The sequential injection system of this analyzer was optimized, and the major functions of this analyzer were studied and estimated. With a 10 cm liquid waveguide capillary flow cell and a 6.3 min time cost of detection, the analyzer reaches a detection limit of 1.4 μg·L-1 (≈14.7 nM, [PO43-]) and a consumption of 23 μL at most for each reagent. This analyzer was operated in situ and online during two scientific research cruises in the Pearl River Estuary and northern South China Sea. The advantages of this analyzer include its simple versatile manifold, full automation, low chemical consumption and electronics-chemical separate safe structure. Long-term in situ performance of this analyzer will be validated in the future.

Keywords: in situ detection; liquid waveguide capillary cell; phosphate; sequential injection analysis.