Atypical chronic myeloid leukemia is an esoteric myeloid malignancy with features of both myeloproliferative and myelodysplastic syndromes. This disease is characterized primarily by morphologic-based criteria, and has clinical and molecular features overlapping with other myeloid malignancies. No one molecular abnormality is specific, and multiple mutations are often present in various combinations, due to the malignant multi-step clonal evolution of myeloid malignancies. In this review, we will address what we know about atypical chronic myeloid leukemia; evaluate how the molecular landscape in myeloid malignancies overlaps, and discuss what we can learn by incorporating individualized precision genomic strategies.
Keywords: Atypical chronic myeloid leukemia; Clonal evolution; Clonal expansion; Dysplastic granulopoiesis; Precision genomics.
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