Activation, infection, and eventual depletion of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-specific cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) T cells are the crucial pathogenetic events in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). We developed a cell and gene therapy to reconstitute HIV-specific CD4 T cells and prevent their destruction by HIV. Antigen-specific CD4 T cells will provide helper functions to support antiviral cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) function and the production of virus-specific antibodies. However, ex vivo expansion of HIV-specific CD4 T cells is poor and previous gene therapies focused on bulk CD4 T cells without enriching for an antigen-specific subset. We developed a method for manufacturing autologous CD4+ T cell products highly enriched with Gag-specific T cells. Rare Gag-specific CD4 T cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were increased nearly 1,000-fold by stimulating PBMC with Gag peptides, followed by depleting nontarget cells and transducing with lentivirus vector AGT103 to protect against HIV-mediated depletion and inhibit HIV release from latently infected cells. The average percentage of HIV-specific CD4 cells in the final products was 15.13%, and the average yield was 7 × 108 cells. The protocol for clinical-scale manufacturing of HIV-specific and HIV-resistant CD4 T cells is an important step toward effective immunotherapy for HIV disease.
Keywords: AIDS; CD4 T cell; HIV; NCT03215004; autologous; functional cure; gene therapy; immunotherapy; lentivirus vector.
© 2020 The Author(s).