Clinical Impact of Accelerate Pheno Rapid Blood Culture Detection System in Bacteremic Patients

Clin Infect Dis. 2021 Dec 6;73(11):e4616-e4626. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciaa649.


Background: Accelerate Pheno blood culture detection system (AXDX) provides rapid identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing results. Limited data exist regarding its clinical impact. Other rapid platforms coupled with antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) real-time notification (RTN) have shown improved length of stay (LOS) in bacteremia.

Methods: A single-center, quasi-experimental study of bacteremic inpatients before and after AXDX implementation was conducted comparing clinical outcomes from 1 historical and 2 intervention cohorts (AXDX and AXDX + RTN).

Results: Of 830 bacteremic episodes, 188 of 245 (77%) historical and 308 (155 AXDX, 153 AXDX + RTN) of 585 (65%) intervention episodes were included. Median LOS was shorter with AXDX (6.3 days) and AXDX + RTN (6.7 days) compared to historical (8.1 days) (P = .001). In the AXDX and AXDX + RTN cohorts, achievement of optimal therapy (AOT) was more frequent (93.6% and 95.4%, respectively) and median time to optimal therapy (TTOT) was faster (1.3 days and 1.4 days, respectively) compared to historical (84.6%, P ≤ .001 and 2.4 days, P ≤ .001, respectively). Median antimicrobial days of therapy (DOT) was shorter in both intervention arms compared to historical (6 days each vs 7 days; P = .011). Median LOS benefit during intervention was most pronounced in coagulase-negative Staphylococcus bacteremia (P = .003).

Conclusions: LOS, AOT, TTOT, and total DOT significantly improved after AXDX implementation. Addition of RTN did not show further improvement over AXDX and an already active ASP. These results suggest that AXDX can be integrated into healthcare systems with an active ASP even without the resources to include RTN.

Keywords: Accelerate Pheno; antimicrobial stewardship; bloodstream infection; molecular rapid diagnostic tests; real time notification.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Infective Agents* / therapeutic use
  • Bacteremia* / diagnosis
  • Bacteremia* / drug therapy
  • Blood Culture
  • Humans
  • Staphylococcus


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents