Bragg Peak Localization with Piezoelectric Sensors for Proton Therapy Treatment

Sensors (Basel). 2020 May 25;20(10):2987. doi: 10.3390/s20102987.


A full chain simulation of the acoustic hadrontherapy monitoring for brain tumours is presented in this work. For the study, a proton beam of 100 MeV is considered. In the first stage, Geant4 is used to simulate the energy deposition and to study the behaviour of the Bragg peak. The energy deposition in the medium produces local heating that can be considered instantaneous with respect to the hydrodynamic time scale producing a sound pressure wave. The resulting thermoacoustic signal has been subsequently obtained by solving the thermoacoustic equation. The acoustic propagation has been simulated by FEM methods in the brain and the skull, where a set of piezoelectric sensors are placed. Last, the final received signals in the sensors have been processed in order to reconstruct the position of the thermal source and, thus, to determine the feasibility and accuracy of acoustic beam monitoring in hadrontherapy.

Keywords: FEM method; Monte Carlo simulations; hadrontherapy; monitoring Bragg peak; piezoelectric sensors.

MeSH terms

  • Acoustics
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Monte Carlo Method
  • Physical Phenomena
  • Proton Therapy*