Magnetic Resonance Lymphangiography

Radiol Clin North Am. 2020 Jul;58(4):693-706. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2020.02.002. Epub 2020 May 6.


Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance lymphangiography is a novel technique to image central conducting lymphatics. It is performed by injecting contrast into groin lymph nodes and following passage of contrast through lymphatic system using T1-weighted MR images. Currently, it has been successfully applied to image and plan treatment of thoracic duct pathologies, lymphatic leaks, and other lymphatic abnormalities such as plastic bronchitis. It is useful in the assessment of chylothorax and chyloperitoneum. Its role in other areas such as intestinal lymphangiectasia and a variety of lymphatic anomalies is likely to increase.

Keywords: Chyloperitoneum; Chylothorax; Lymphatic anomalies; Lymphedema; MR Lymphangiography; Plastic bronchitis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Lymphatic Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Lymphography / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*