Acceptability of vaccination against human papillomavirus among women aged 20 to 45 in rural Hunan Province, China: A cross-sectional study

Vaccine. 2020 Jun 19;38(30):4732-4739. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.05.017. Epub 2020 May 26.


Objective: This study aimed to examine the intentions of and barriers to vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) among women aged 20 to 45 in rural areas, and to determine the popular sources to getting information about HPV vaccine and vaccination.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2018 with a sample of women aged 20 to 45 from rural areas of Hunan Province in China. Anonymous self-administered questionnaires were used to collect sociodemographic information and characteristics related to reproductive health of participants, and intentions of and barriers to HPV vaccination. All statistical analysis methods were performed with SPSS 18.0.

Results: A total of 2101 women participated in the study, with 58.55% intended to vaccinate against HPV. Increased intention of HPV vaccination was associated with higher age (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.35 and 1.50, respectively) and education level (AOR = 1.13 and 1.47, respectively). Women who have heard of HPV vaccine (AOR = 2.67, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.20-5.98) and have been aware of that cervical cancer could be prevented (AOR = 2.01, 95%CI: 1.44-2.82) were more willing to vaccinate. Having never heard of HPV vaccine and worry about efficacy and safety of vaccines were the most commonly cited reasons to refuse vaccination. The preferred source to get the knowledge was medical personnel (58.45%), followed by WeChat or Microblog, TV programs, and Internet.

Conclusion: We found the intention of HPV vaccination among women aged 20 to 45 in rural China is low. Findings highlighted the importance of knowledge and trust in HPV vaccine, and suggested strengthening educational interventions on HPV vaccine and vaccination through multiple sources, including HPV vaccine coverage in health insurance to increase access.

Keywords: Acceptability; Barriers; HPV vaccination; Intention; Rural China.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alphapapillomavirus*
  • China
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Papillomaviridae
  • Papillomavirus Infections* / prevention & control
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines*
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms* / prevention & control
  • Vaccination
  • Young Adult


  • Papillomavirus Vaccines