Evaluation of vitreous degeneration as a potential risk factor for retinal detachment after phacoemulsification in dogs

Vet Ophthalmol. 2020 Jul;23(4):721-729. doi: 10.1111/vop.12785. Epub 2020 May 30.

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate vitreous degeneration as a potential risk factor for retinal detachment in dogs after phacoemulsification.

Methods: Medical records for dogs with preoperative ocular ultrasound and phacoemulsification between September 28, 2006, and August 2, 2016, were reviewed. Ultrasound images were reviewed by two observers independently, and vitreous echogenicity was graded using an established scale. The following factors were compared between eyes with and without retinal detachment: signalment, operated eye, cataract stage at the time of surgery, and presence or absence of the following: lens-induced uveitis (LIU), glaucoma, anterior vitreous presentation, lens subluxation, history of prophylactic retinopexy, diabetes mellitus, operating surgeon, concurrent prophylactic retinopexy, posterior capsular tear, phacoemulsification duration, use of automated anterior vitrectomy, placement of an artificial intraocular lens, and intraocular lens type (polymethyl methacrylate or acrylic foldable). Total follow-up time was recorded. Presence and time from surgery to onset of complications were recorded. Retinal detachment was diagnosed based on observation via indirect ophthalmoscopy or ocular ultrasound.

Results: Evaluation for association between vitreous degeneration and retinal detachment included 290 eyes of 180 dogs. There was no statistically significant correlation between vitreous degeneration and postoperative retinal detachment. Retinal detachment was observed in 17 of 290 eyes (5.9%). Vitreous degeneration was marked as present by at least one observer in 189 of 290 eyes (65%).

Conclusions: Ultrasonically identifiable vitreous degeneration does not correlate with increased risk of retinal detachment following phacoemulsification.

Keywords: retinal tear; rhegmatogenous detachment; success rate; syneresis.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dog Diseases / surgery*
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Male
  • Phacoemulsification / veterinary*
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications / veterinary
  • Retinal Detachment / etiology
  • Retinal Detachment / veterinary*
  • Risk Factors
  • Ultrasonography / veterinary
  • Vitreous Body / diagnostic imaging*

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