Introduction: Temporal arteritis is an uncommon disorder in young people. A 39-year-old woman with juvenile temporal arteritis is described and we performed a literature review of all cases of juvenile temporal arteritis described to date.
Case presentation: A 39-year-old woman presented with a subcutaneous temporal nodule in the right temple with no other associated symptoms or background and unremarkable physical examination. Ultrasonography of the nodule revealed an anechoic perivascular halo surrounding the temporal artery. The nodule was excised resulting in the patient's recovery. The results of the histopathological study showed features of juvenile temporal arteritis.
Conclusions: Juvenile temporal arteritis is a very uncommon disorder. Systemic manifestations should be ruled out by physical examination and complementary tests. Histopathology establishes the definitive diagnosis. Treatment is surgical excision and a follow-up should be conducted to rule out complications.
Keywords: Arteritis temporal juvenil; Enfermedad de Kimura; Juvenile arteritis; Kimura disease.
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