Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) participate in various biological processes, including regulating transcription and sustaining genome 3D organization. Here, we present a method termed Red-C that exploits proximity ligation to identify contacts with the genome for all RNA molecules present in the nucleus. Using Red-C, we uncovered the RNA-DNA interactome of human K562 cells and identified hundreds of ncRNAs enriched in active or repressed chromatin, including previously undescribed RNAs. Analysis of the RNA-DNA interactome also allowed us to trace the kinetics of messenger RNA production. Our data support the model of co-transcriptional intron splicing, but not the hypothesis of the circularization of actively transcribed genes.
© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.