Background: The shift toward outpatient joint arthroplasty is rapidly growing, but concerns still remain on whether certain patients should be excluded from same-day discharge arthroplasty. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether morbid obesity is a risk factor for perioperative complications after outpatient joint arthroplasty.
Methods: A retrospective review was performed from 2013 to 2017 of all outpatient primary total hip, total knee, partial knee, and revision hip and knee arthroplasties, yielding a cohort of 4863 patients (5988 arthroplasty procedures). Patients were separated and analyzed based on 2 groups: nonmorbidly obese (NMO) (BMI < 40 kg/m2) and morbidly obese (MO) (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2). The NMO group consisted of 4870 arthroplasties and the MO group consisted of 1118 arthroplasties. Overnight stays, medical complications, and early perioperative complications were assessed between groups.
Results: Overnight stays occurred in 5.4% of NMO patients and 9.1% of MO patients (P < .001), with medical reasons for the overnight stay occurring in 3.2% of NMO and 6.4% of MO patients (P < .001). Respiratory/sleep apnea was the leading medical reason leading to overnight stay occurring in 4% of MO patients and 0.8% of NMO patients (P < .001). There was no significant difference between groups in direct facility transfers, emergency room visits/admissions, or medical complications within 90 days. Wound revisions, nonrevision surgery, or revisions within 90 days were significant between groups.
Conclusion: MO patients did not have an increased risk of 90-day medical complications, readmission, or revisions after outpatient arthroplasty. However, MO patients did have a significantly higher incidence of overnight stay.
Keywords: arthroplasty; complications; obese; outpatient; same day.
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