Backgroud: The indications for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have been expanded to include younger, demanding patients. Some TKA patients expect a return to high-performance activities to restore optimum quality of life. The concept of the medial pivot (MP) TKA is that more natural knee kinematics can be achieved by altering the bearing design. In the present study, we compared the early outcomes of MP TKA with posterior-stabilized (PS) TKA in terms of patient-reported outcomes, function, and performance.
Methods: This randomized study was performed in a high volume joint replacement facility of a tertiary care military hospital. We enrolled 40 patients each in the MP group and PS group and assessed knee flexion, patient-reported outcome (new Knee Society Score [new KSS]), patient performance (Delaware Osteoarthritis Profile Score [DOPS]), and function (Forgotten Joint Score [FJS]) at 2 years after surgery.
Results: Compared to PS group patients, MP group patients had similar patient-reported outcomes assessed by new KSS (satisfaction, expectation, and activity scales) and FJS. MP knee patients had better performance in the timed up and go test (p < 0.026) and self-paced walk test (p < 0.002) of DOPS. The gain in knee flexion (9.3° ± 14°) compared to baseline was significantly greater in the PS group (p < 0.013).
Conclusions: When assessed by DOPS, getting up from chair and walking speed were significantly better in MP knee patients than in PS knee patients. However, considering the predictable rollback ensured by cam and post, the PS knee produced better knee flexion. Despite these results, patients were equally satisfied with the two designs.
Keywords: Medial pivot; Patient performance; Patient-reported outcomes; Posterior stabilized; Total knee arthroplasty.
Copyright © 2020 by The Korean Orthopaedic Association.