Brodie's abscess is a rare form of subacute osteomyelitis, most commonly found in children between the ages of two to fifteen years. It has slight preponderance for males. It is characterised by centrally placed, well-circumscribed abscess within the medulla or metaphysis of long bone, most commonly tibia, surrounded by a sclerotic wall. It is sometimes considered a transitional phase for the development of chronic osteomyelitis due to infection persisting between two to six months without showing any systemic symptoms specific to osteomyelitis. It is assumed that it is clinically quiescent due to its intraosseous location. It rarely presents with overt symptoms, which occurs if either the abscess enlarges to create pressure against the periosteum, or if the purulent material extrudes from the confines from its sclerotic walls. Due to subliminal clinical features and indolent clinical course, radiologic investigations are the diagnostic modality of choice. Diagnosis requires a high degree of suspicion, especially in the scenario of sepsis with an unknown source of infection. We describe a case of Brodie's abscess in a sickle-cell disease patient which presented as episodes of vaso-occlusive crisis repeatedly before it was diagnosed along with a review of the literature.
Keywords: brodie's abscess; chronic osteomyelitis; enterobacter cloacae; osteomyelitis; sickle cell crisis; sickle cell disease; subacute osteomyelitis; vaso-occlusive crisis.
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