myResponder Smartphone Application to Crowdsource Basic Life Support for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: The Singapore Experience

Prehosp Emerg Care. 2021 May-Jun;25(3):388-396. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2020.1777233. Epub 2020 Jul 9.


The Singapore myResponder is a novel smartphone application developed by the Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) that notifies volunteer first responders of a suspected out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) case and locations of Automated External Defibrillators (AED) in the vicinity so that they can assist with resuscitation. We aimed to examine the performance of this application, challenges encountered, and future directions. Methods: We analyzed data from the myResponder app since its launch from April 2015 to July 2019. The number of installations, registered community first responders, suspected OHCA cases, notifications sent by the app, percentage of responders who accepted activation and arrived at scene were reviewed. A subgroup of taxi driving responders (within a 1.5-kilometer response radius) carrying an AED under a subsequent pilot program was also analyzed. Results: By July 2019, 46,689 responders were registered in the myResponder app. There were a total of 19,189 cases created for suspected OHCA, with a median of 358 cases per month (IQR 330-430), in which 10,073 responders accepted activation from myResponder and 4,955 arrived on-scene. A total of 135,599 notifications were sent for these cases, with a median of 7.1 notifications per case (IQR 4.3-8.7). In 2019, the percentages of responders who accepted notification and arrived on scene were 45.8% and 24.1%, respectively. 43% (1110/2581) of responders arrived before EMS crew. Conclusion: The myResponder mobile application is a feasible smart technology solution to improve community response to OHCA, and to increase bystander CPR and AED use. Future directions include increasing the number of active responders, improving response rates, app performance, and better data capture for quality improvement.

Keywords: community response; crowdsourcing; myResponder; out-of-hospital cardiac arrest; smart technology.

MeSH terms

  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation*
  • Crowdsourcing*
  • Defibrillators
  • Emergency Medical Services*
  • Humans
  • Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest* / therapy
  • Singapore
  • Smartphone