Introduction: Although the literature of the positive effects of penile low intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy is meanwhile substantial, there are substantial differences regarding both the sources of energies and extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) devices.
Objectives: To provide an overview on the energy range and energy differences of the 6 currently marketed ESWT devices along with personal ESWT experiences in 350 patients.
Methods: This review includes all published preclinical and clinical penile ESWT studies with evaluation of the technical differences of the 6 ESWT devices and the personal experiences with these 6 devices in ED and PD. The main outcomes measures were success rates in ED (International Index of Erectile Function-erectile function change, conversion of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors non-responders) and PD (change in deviation and plaque size), differences of used sources of energy, and energy flux densities (EFDs).
Results: 3 different sources of energies are used, that is electromagnetic, electrohydraulic, and piezoelectric .The devices markedly distinguish in the available spectrum of the EFD ranging between 0.09 and 0.55 mJ/mm². In terms of the biological effects, the relevant energy parameters are -6 dB and the 5 MPa focus, which differ substantially between the ESWT devices. In addition, a great variability in the treatment protocols and applied energy is obvious. The preliminary own experiences with low intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy in 160 ED non-responders and 190 patients with PD with success rates of 45% and 47%, respectively, are reported.
Conclusion: Positive results were published with all 6 ESWT devices in question in patients with organic ED but with huge differences regarding the EFD and the total energies applied. There is growing evidence that concentrated treatment protocols and increasing energies may yield better results. In this context, it may be argued that at least some of the published studies were markedly underpowered .Owing to the paucity of published studies, the literature of the effects of ESWT in PD and for penile rehabilitation after pelvic surgery is currently not conclusive. Porst H. Review of the Current Status of Low Intensity Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (Li-ESWT) in Erectile Dysfunction (ED), Peyronie's Disease (PD), and Sexual Rehabilitation After Radical Prostatectomy With Special Focus on Technical Aspects of the Different Marketed ESWT Devices Including Personal Experiences in 350 Patients. Sex Med 2021;9:93-122.
Keywords: Erectile Dysfunction; Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy; Penile Rehabilitation; Peyronie's Disease.
Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.