Imaging intracellular motion with dynamic micro-optical coherence tomography

Biomed Opt Express. 2020 Apr 28;11(5):2768-2778. doi: 10.1364/BOE.390782. eCollection 2020 May 1.


This paper describes a new technology that uses 1-µm-resolution optical coherence tomography (µOCT) to obtain cross-sectional images of intracellular dynamics with dramatically enhanced image contrast. This so-called dynamic µOCT (d-µOCT) is accomplished by acquiring a time series of µOCT images and conducting power frequency analysis of the temporal fluctuations that arise from intracellular motion on a pixel-per-pixel basis. Here, we demonstrate d-µOCT imaging of freshly excised human esophageal and cervical biopsy samples. Depth-resolved d-µOCT images of intact tissue show that intracellular dynamics provides a new contrast mechanism for µOCT that highlights subcellular morphology and activity in epithelial surface maturation patterns.