Sparse Activity of Hippocampal Adult-Born Neurons during REM Sleep Is Necessary for Memory Consolidation

Neuron. 2020 Aug 5;107(3):552-565.e10. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2020.05.008. Epub 2020 Jun 4.


The occurrence of dreaming during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep prompts interest in the role of REM sleep in hippocampal-dependent episodic memory. Within the mammalian hippocampus, the dentate gyrus (DG) has the unique characteristic of exhibiting neurogenesis persisting into adulthood. Despite their small numbers and sparse activity, adult-born neurons (ABNs) in the DG play critical roles in memory; however, their memory function during sleep is unknown. Here, we investigate whether young ABN activity contributes to memory consolidation during sleep using Ca2+ imaging in freely moving mice. We found that contextual fear learning recruits a population of young ABNs that are reactivated during subsequent REM sleep against a backdrop of overall reduced ABN activity. Optogenetic silencing of this sparse ABN activity during REM sleep alters the structural remodeling of spines on ABN dendrites and impairs memory consolidation. These findings provide a causal link between ABN activity during REM sleep and memory consolidation.

Keywords: REM sleep; adult neurogenesis; calcium imaging; memory consolidation; miniaturized microscope; optogenetics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Video-Audio Media

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Conditioning, Psychological*
  • Dentate Gyrus / cytology
  • Dentate Gyrus / physiology*
  • Electroencephalography
  • Electromyography
  • Fear
  • Hippocampus
  • Learning
  • Memory Consolidation / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Neurogenesis
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Optogenetics
  • Sleep, REM / physiology*
  • Theta Rhythm


  • Calcium