The use of Fab antivenom (Crotalidae Polyvalent Immune Fab (Ovine) (CroFab); Boston Scientific) against North American Crotalidae envenomation is associated with the development of late- (≥4 days post-envenomation), new-onset of hematological abnormalities. Although attempts have been made to identify predictive indicators during the acute phase of an envenomation, of patients who are not at-risk of late-, new-onset of hematological abnormalities, there has been at least one prior report of a patient who developed thrombocytopenia that was unpredicted by current indicators. We add three cases of unpredicted, late-, new-onset of hematological abnormalities in patients with Fab-treated rattlesnake bite.
Keywords: Antivenom; Envenomation; Fab; Fibrinogen; Platelets; Rattlesnake; Recurrence.
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