Purpose of review: Recent research efforts have spurred great progress in the diagnosis and management of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Nonetheless, challenges remain in addressing disease burden and impairment in the growing EoE population. We highlight work from the Cincinnati Center for Eosinophilic Disorders, the Consortium of Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease Researchers, and others that address these ongoing challenges.
Recent findings: New tools for characterizing EoE disease activity include the EoE Histology Scoring System (EoEHSS), endoscopic alternatives, validated patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires, and investigational biomarkers. These diagnostic and monitoring strategies have been complemented by advances in EoE therapy. Treatment modalities have refined the traditional approaches of dietary elimination, swallowed steroids, and proton pump inhibitors (PPI), and biologics offer promise for future treatment. This review summarizes EoE advances in disease management and newly defined EoE endotypes that may serve as the foundation for EoE-personalized medicine.
Keywords: Diagnosis; Endotype; Eosinophilic esophagitis; Treatment.