Amiloride inhibition of single fiber responses of the rat chorda tympani to ionic chemical and electrical tongue stimulations was studied. Amiloride reduced responses to both chemical and electrical stimulations with NaCl or LiCl in most of the single fibers. However, the magnitude of reduction of the response by amiloride varied among the fibers and was greater for chemical than electrical stimulation with NaCl in each fiber. Thirty-two single fibers were divided into two groups, such as 18 high (HAS) and 14 low amiloride-sensitive (LAS) fibers. Percent responses (control, 100%) of the former group to chemical stimulus with NaCl after amiloride ranged from 1.1 to 42.5%, while those of the latter from 72.8 to 108.0%. In HAS fibers, amiloride also reduced responses to KCl and CaCl2, but to a smaller degree than those to NaCl and LiCl. Fifteen out of 18 HAS fibers more strongly responded to a chemical stimulus with 0.1 M NaCl than 0.01 M HCl, while the opposite was true for 13 out of 14 LAS fibers, although the threshold concentration for NaCl was rather lower in LAS fibers than in HAS fibers. These results suggest that there exist at least two different receptor mechanisms for NaCl or LiCl which are amiloride-sensitive and -insensitive, and the observed differences in relative specificities to ionic taste stimuli and sensitivities to amiloride among rat chorda tympani fibers are possibly due to a disproportional distribution of these two receptors.