The current rapid spread of the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) calls for a rapid response from the research community. Lithium is widely used to treat bipolar disorder, but has been shown to exhibit antiviral activity. This brief review took a systematic approach to identify six in vitro studies reporting on the influence of lithium on coronaviral infections. We propose mechanistic investigation of the influence of lithium - alone and with chloroquine - on the SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Keywords: 2019-nCoV; Coronaviridae; GSK-3β; Wuhan; antiviral; apoptosis; coronavirus; glycogen synthase kinase 3-beta; lithium; lithium carbonate; lithium orotate.
Copyright: © 2020 Nowak JK and Walkowiak J.