Purpose: Galectin-1 is a lectin involved in the carcinogenesis of many cancers. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the importance of galectin-1 in breast cancer carcinogenesis and its relationship with tumor development.
Methods: Patients who were diagnosed with new breast cancer and a healthy volunteer population were included in the study. Preoperative and postoperative (1 month following visit at the medical oncology outpatient clinic) serum samples were collected from breast cancer patients and the healthy volunteer control group.
Results: There was no statistically significant difference between patients' age, height, weight and body mass index (BMI) (p>0.05). The mean galectin-1 value of the preoperative group was 2.16±0.69 ng/ml, in the postoperative group; 1.75±0.31 ng/ml, and the healthy control group 1.64±0.40 ng/ml. A comparison of mean galectin-1 values between the groups showed that the highest galectin-1 level was found in the preoperative patients. When the mean serum galectin-1 levels of preoperative and postoperative patients were compared, a statistically significant difference was found between the two groups (p<0.001). Furthermore, a comparison of the control group and preoperative patients also revealed a statistically significant difference between the groups (p<0.001). When the control group and postoperative patients were compared, no statistically significant difference was found between them (p=0.16).
Conclusion: Serum galectin-1 levels were higher in breast cancer patients than in the healthy control group. In addition, postoperative galectin-1 levels of breast cancer patients tended to decrease. This suggests that serum galectin-1 levels are important in breast carcinogenesis and positively correlated with the presence of tumors.