Metastatic Uveal Melanoma: A Valid Indication for Liver Resection

J BUON. Mar-Apr 2020;25(2):1161-1165.


Purpose: Owing to its relative resistance to chemotherapeutics, prognosis following the diagnosis of metastatic uveal melanoma has remained disappointing. On this basis, liver resection in cases of isolated hepatic metastases has been postulated as a viable treatment option. Herein we performed an analysis of patients who underwent hepatic metastatectomy for uveal melanoma and compared their outcomes to those undergoing resection for colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) in the same time period.

Methods: From 2008 to 2018, all patients referred to our unit with hepatic metastases were included for analysis. Performing a 3:1 matched cohort analysis, patients with metastatic uveal melanoma were matched for age, sex, operative approach, tumour number and size to those undergoing resection for CRLM. Clinicopathological data was sought from a prospectively maintained database and reviewed along with 30-day post-operative morbidity and mortality.

Results: Fifteen patients underwent hepatic metastasectomy for primary uveal melanoma. A further 45 patients undergoing hepatectomy for metastatic colorectal cancer acted as the control group. No in-hospital mortality was noted with four patients (26.6%) developing post-operative morbidity. The median follow-up period following melanoma resection was 27 months (range 5-211) with 1-, 3- and 5- year overall survival for this cohort of 86.6%, 53.3% and 40%, respectively. There was no difference in overall survival between the melanoma and CRLM group (p =0.80).

Conclusion: In patients presenting with hepatic metastases from uveal melanoma, this present study supports the rationale to proceed to surgery with acceptable morbidity and mortality.