There is great interest in using natural supplements to treat various medical conditions. In this study, we evaluated the anti-oxidative and stem cell differentiation effects of a mixture of vitamin D, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, ginger, curcumin, and Boswellia extract. The calcein acetoxymethyl assay after H2O2 treatment showed that combined natural supplement had an anti-oxidative effect. NS-J also increased calcium deposition, as shown by Alizarin Red S staining, indicating bone formation activity. The contents of type II collagen and glycosaminoglycans, which are biomarkers of cartilage, were higher in mesenchymal stem cells treated with combined natural supplement than in cells treated with individual ingredients of the formula. In mesenchymal stem cells treated with human osteoarthritis synovial fluids, combined natural supplement enhanced the expression of type II collagen and PPAR-δ, overcoming the anti-chondrogenic effect of inflammatory conditions. Combined natural supplement also inhibited Oil Red O staining in cells, which indicates inhibited adipogenesis. Thus, combined natural supplement, a formula comprising vitamin D, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, ginger, curcumin and Boswellia extract, reduced oxidative stress, enhanced osteogenesis and chondrogenesis, and inhibited adipogenesis in mesenchymal stem cells to a greater extent than the individual ingredients, indicating synergistic interaction. In addition, combined natural supplement increased the expression PPAR-δ, suggesting that these effects correlate with the PPAR-δ pathway.
Keywords: adipogenesis; chondrogenesis; natural ingredients; osteogenesis.
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