Detachment of Cell Sheets From Clinically Ubiquitous Cell Culture Vessels by Ultrasonic Vibration

Sci Rep. 2020 Jun 11;10(1):9468. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-66375-1.

Abstract

Proteinases that digest the extracellular matrix are usually used to harvest cells from culture vessels in a general culture process, which lowers the initial adhesion rate in regenerative medicine. Cell sheet engineering is one of the most important technologies in this field, especially for transplantation, because fabricated cell sheets have rich extracellular matrixes providing strong initial adhesion. Current cell sheet fabrication relies on temperature-responsive polymer-coated dishes. Cells are cultured on such specialized dishes and subjected to low temperature. Thus, we developed a simple but versatile cell sheet fabrication method using ubiquitous culture dishes/flasks without any coating or temperature modulation. Confluent mouse myoblasts (C2C12 cell line) were exposed to ultrasonic vibration from underneath and detached as cell sheets from entire culture surfaces. Because of the absence of low temperature, cell metabolism was statically increased compared with the conventional method. Furthermore, viability, morphology, protein expression, and mRNA expression were normal. These analyses indicated no side effects of ultrasonic vibration exposure. Therefore, this novel method may become the standard for cell sheet fabrication. Our method can be easily conducted following a general culture procedure with a typical dish/flask, making cell sheets more accessible to medical experts.