Recent studies have indicated that afatinib is beneficial for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring uncommon epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, while the effectiveness of afatinib rechallenge has not been fully defined. Here, we report a long-term survival case of NSCLC harboring concomitant EGFR G719C and S768I mutations who received afatinib rechallenge followed by chemotherapy. The present case suggests that combined therapeutic strategies such as afatinib plus sequential chemotherapy would be beneficial based on appropriately timed rebiopsies from recurrent lesions. KEY POINTS: SIGNIFICANT FINDINGS OF THE STUDY AND WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: A NSCLC patient carrying EGFR G719X/S768I mutations survived for a long period of time with afatinib rechallenge followed by chemotherapy. Combined therapeutic strategies should be considered based on rebiopsies in appropriate timing in NSCLC with uncommon EGFR mutations.
Keywords: Afatinib; non-small cell lung cancer; rechallenge; uncommon EGFR mutation.
© 2020 The Authors. Thoracic Cancer published by China Lung Oncology Group and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.