Currently, there is no efficacious pharmacological treatment for traumatic brain injury (TBI). Previous studies revealed that L-lactate preconditioning has shown rich neuroprotective effects against cerebral ischemia, and therefore has the potential to improve neurological outcomes after TBI. L-lactate played a neuroprotective role by activating GPR81 in diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) such as TBI and cerebral ischemia. In this study we investigated the effects of L-lactate preconditioning on TBI and explored the underlying mechanisms. In this study, the mNSS test revealed that L-lactate preconditioning alleviates the neurological deficit caused by TBI in rats. L-lactate preconditioning significantly increased the expression of GPR81, PSD95, GAP43, BDNF, and MCT2 24 h after TBI in the cortex and hippocampus compared with the sham group. Taken together, these data suggested that L-lactate preconditioning is an effective method with which to recover neurological function after TBI. This reveals the mechanism of L-lactate preconditioning on TBI and provides a potential therapeutic method for TBI in humans.
Keywords: GPR81; L-lactate; Neurological function recovery; Traumatic brain injury.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.