Interviewer perceptions during the implementation of the multiple mini-interview model at a school of pharmacy

Curr Pharm Teach Learn. 2020 Jul;12(7):864-871. doi: 10.1016/j.cptl.2020.02.003. Epub 2020 Mar 18.


Introduction: Studies reveal positive interviewer perceptions of multiple mini-interview (MMI) upon MMI completion. No studies evaluate change in interviewer perceptions during MMI implementation. The objective was to evaluate the change in interviewer perceptions during the implementation of the MMI model at the University of Toledo College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Methods: Interviewers (faculty volunteers, preceptors, student pharmacists) were eligible for inclusion in the prospective cohort. Consenting individuals (1) completed a pre-MMI training survey regarding perceptions of MMI, (2) participated in a 90-minute MMI training program (PowerPoint presentation and review of videos demonstrating MMI practices), (3) completed a post-MMI training survey, and (4) after interviews, completed a post-interview survey. The six Likert-scale MMI perception questions were independently analyzed for changes in the rank response across the three survey time points using Friedman's nonparametric repeated-measures analysis. Each question was evaluated for all respondents together, and for nine different respondent subgroups. The overall criteria for significance was α = 0.05 for each question, with Bonferroni correction for the ten overall comparisons made for each question.

Results: Thirty-two interviewers participated (20 faculty members, five preceptors, and seven student pharmacists). From the pre-MMI training survey through the post-interview survey, interviewers gained confidence in their ability to explain the rationale behind the MMI model, were more likely to agree that six minutes was adequate time to assess an applicant and believed MMI provides a fair assessment of an applicant's noncognitive attributes.

Conclusions: After interviewers received training and gained experience with MMI, perceptions of MMI improved.

Keywords: Admission; MMI; Multiple mini interview; Perception; Pharmacy.

MeSH terms

  • Cohort Studies
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic / methods*
  • Interviews as Topic / statistics & numerical data
  • Perception*
  • Personnel Selection / methods
  • Personnel Selection / standards*
  • Personnel Selection / statistics & numerical data
  • Prospective Studies
  • Qualitative Research
  • School Admission Criteria / statistics & numerical data*
  • Schools, Pharmacy / organization & administration
  • Schools, Pharmacy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires