Training Medical Professionals to Work With Patients With Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Systematic Review

Dev Neurorehabil. 2020 Jun 16;1-11. doi: 10.1080/17518423.2020.1777217. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Background: Patients with neurodevelopmental disorders are not always provided the quality of medical care they deserve. Medical personnel report limited preparation and education in caring for patients with neurodevelopmental disorders.

Aim: The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize the research on medical personnel training programs, identify effective training methods, and provide directions for future application and research.

Methods: Thirty-four studies met inclusion criteria. The studies were summarized in terms of training components, the medical personnel trained, and the effectiveness of the training in achieving target outcomes.

Results: Seventy-nine percent of studies demonstrated improvement in target outcomes. A variety of training components were used in combination throughout the studies, demonstrating a possibility of significant change to medical personnel's abilities for and attitudes about working with patients with neurodevelopmental disorders.

Conclusion: Further research is needed to determine specifically which types of training can affect which target outcomes.

Keywords: Medical education; neurodevelopmental disorders.