Background: Preoperative planning with commercially available imaging software in shoulder arthroplasty may allow for improved decision-making and more accurate placement of the glenoid component.
Methods: A total of 81 consecutive shoulder computed tomography scans obtained for preoperative planning purposes for shoulder arthroplasty were analyzed by commercially available software from 4 companies (Blueprint: Wright Medical, Memphis, TN, USA; GPS: Exactech, Gainesville, FL, USA; Materialise: DJO, Vista, CA, USA; and VIP: Arthrex, Naples, FL, USA) and by 5 fellowship-trained sports medicine/shoulder surgeons. Inclination, version, and subluxation of the humerus were measured in a blinded fashion on axial and coronal sequences at the mid-glenoid. Surgeon measurements were analyzed for agreement and were compared with the 4 commercial programs.
Results: Surgeon reliability was acceptable for version (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC]: 0.876), inclination (ICC: 0.84), and subluxation (ICC: 0.523). Significant differences were found between surgeon and commercial software measurements in version (P = .03), inclination (P = .023), and subluxation (P < .001). Software measurements tended to be more superiorly inclined (average -2° to 2° greater), more retroverted (average 2°-5° greater), and more posteriorly subluxed (average 7°-10° greater) than surgeon measurements. In comparing imaging software measurements, only Blueprint was found to produce significantly different version measurements than surgeon measurements (P = .02).
Conclusion: Preoperative planning software for shoulder arthroplasty has limited agreement in measures of version, inclination, and subluxation measurements, whereas surgeons have high inter-reliability. Surgeons should be cautious when using commercial software planning systems and when comparing publications that use different planning systems to determine preoperative glenoid deformity measurements.
Keywords: Shoulder arthroplasty; accuracy; inclination; preoperative planning software; subluxation; version.
Copyright © 2020 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.