A Questionnaire Survey of Management of Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Haemorrhage in Poland

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jun 11;17(11):4161. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17114161.


Background: Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH) remains a potentially devastating threat to the brain with a serious impact on mortality and morbidity. We attempted to investigate correspondence between the current guidelines for aSAH management and real clinical practice in Poland.

Methods: A web-based questionnaire was performed between 03.2019 and 06.2019. Centres performing neuro-interventional radiology procedures and neuro-critical care were included (n = 29). One response from each hospital was recorded.

Results: In three (10.4%) centres, there was no clear protocol for an interventional treatment plan. Endovascular embolisation was predominantly used in 11 (37.9%) hospitals, and microsurgical clipping, in 10 (34.5%). A written protocol for standard anaesthetic management was established only in six (20.7%) centres for coiling and in five (17.2%) for microsurgical clipping. The diagnosis of cerebral vasospasm was based on transcranial Doppler as the first-choice method in seven (24.1%) units. "3-H therapy" was applied by 15 (51.8%) respondents, and "2-H therapy", by four (13.8%) respondents. In only eight (27.6%) centres were all patients with aSAH being admitted to the ICU.

Conclusion: Many discrepancies exist between the available guidelines and clinical practice in aSAH treatment in Poland. Peri-procedural management is poorly standardised. Means must be undertaken to improve patient-oriented treatment and care.

Keywords: Doppler; embolisation; intracranial; intracranial aneurysm; subarachnoid hemorrhage; therapeutic; transcranial; ultrasonography; vasospasm.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Poland
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vasospasm, Intracranial*