Activity patterns in a captive group of Celebes black apes (Macaca nigra)

Folia Primatol (Basel). 1988;51(2-3):61-75. doi: 10.1159/000156358.


Both time of day and weather significantly influenced the behavioral activity profile of a captive group of Celebes black apes. There were significant differences when their activity profile was compared to those of stumptail macaques, pigtail macaques, sooty mangabeys and geladas observed under similar conditions. There were, nonetheless several remarkable consistencies, especially among taxonomically related forms. Significant sex differences were also noted for grooming, social interaction rates, self-directed activity, agonistic and sexual behavior. Scores were consistent with data on a second group of black apes and previously reported unusual behavioral categories were confirmed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Activity Cycles
  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal*
  • Circadian Rhythm
  • Female
  • Macaca / physiology*
  • Male
  • Seasons
  • Social Behavior
  • Weather