Decreased level of plasma nesfatin-1 in rats exposed to cell phone radiation is correlated with thyroid dysfunction, oxidative stress, and apoptosis

Arch Physiol Biochem. 2022 Dec;128(6):1486-1492. doi: 10.1080/13813455.2020.1778037. Epub 2020 Jun 17.


Context: Exposure to Electomagnetic radiation fields of cell phones causes thyroid dysfunction and a previous study revealed that nesfatin-1 may affect functions of the thyroid gland.

Objective: To study the role of nesfatin-1 on functions of rat's thyroid gland exposed to EMRF.

Materials and methods: Thirty adult male rats were divided equally into 3 groups as group I, group II and group III. The experiment extended for 30 days then the plasma nesfatin-1 level, thyroid functions, and thyroid tissue oxidative stress were assessed. Also; histological and immunohistochemical study studies were done to evaluate structural and apoptotic changes of the thyroid gland.

Results: There was a significant decrease in plasma nesfatin-1 level and thyroid functions with an increase in oxidative stress and apoptosis. Interestingly, there was a correlation between nesfatin-1 level and markers of thyroid function, oxidative stress and apoptosis.

Conclusion: Nesfatin-1 plays a role in thyroid dysfunctions of rats exposed to mobile phone radiation.

Keywords: Nesfatin-1; cell phone radiation; oxidative stress and apoptosis; thyroid function.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Phone*
  • Male
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Rats
  • Thyroid Gland*