We evaluated the influence of untreated obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) on the magnitude of cognitive decline and on several cognitive subdomains in patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease.In this single-centre study, 144 patients were recruited prospectively from a cognitive impairment unit and underwent overnight polysomnography.The mean±sd change in the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) score at 12 months was 3.19±5.61 in the non-OSA group and 0.08±5.62 in the OSA group, with an intergroup difference of -3.36 (95% CI 0.19-0.16; p=0.002). We did not observe a significant difference in any cognitive subdomains at 12 months. Regarding Mini-Mental State Examination scores at 36 months, the mean change was 1.69 (95% CI -1.26-4.64; p=0.445). No significant differences were found among different OSA severity groups.We observed that ADAS-cog scores were better in the OSA group than in the non-OSA group by a statistically but not clinically significant margin. We did not find differences in the different cognitive subdomains after 1 year or in global cognition after 3 years of follow-up.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02814045.
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