Comparison of host immune responses to LPS in human using an immune profiling panel, in vivo endotoxemia versus ex vivo stimulation

Sci Rep. 2020 Jun 18;10(1):9918. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-66695-2.


Patients that suffer from sepsis exhibit an early hyper-inflammatory immune response which can lead to organ failure and death. In our study, we assessed the immune modulation in the human in vivo endotoxemia model and compared it to ex vivo LPS stimulation using 38 transcriptomic markers. Blood was collected before and after 4 hours of LPS challenge and tested with the Immune Profiling Panel (IPP) using the FilmArray system. The use of IPP showed that markers from the innate immunity dominated the response to LPS in vivo, mainly markers related to monocytes and neutrophils. Comparing the two models, in vivo and ex vivo, revealed that most of the markers were modulated in a similar pattern (68%). Some cytokine markers such as TNF, IFN-γ and IL-1β were under-expressed ex vivo compared to in vivo. T-cell markers were either unchanged or up-modulated ex vivo, compared to a down-modulation in vivo. Interestingly, markers related to neutrophils were expressed in opposite directions, which might be due to the presence of cell recruitment and feedback loops in vivo. The IPP tool was able to capture the early immune response in both the human in vivo endotoxemia model, a translational model mimicking the immune response observed in septic patients.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Biomarkers / blood*
  • Endotoxemia / blood*
  • Endotoxemia / chemically induced
  • Endotoxemia / immunology*
  • Endotoxemia / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Innate / drug effects
  • Immunity, Innate / immunology*
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monocytes / drug effects
  • Monocytes / metabolism*
  • Transcriptome / drug effects*
  • Young Adult


  • Biomarkers
  • Lipopolysaccharides