Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and treatment patterns of ranibizumab 0.5 mg in treatment-naïve patients with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) enrolled in the LUMINOUS™ study.
Study design: A 5-year, global, prospective, multicenter, observational, open-label study conducted in a clinical practice (real-world) setting at outpatient ophthalmology clinics that recruited 30,138 consenting adult patients from all approved indications for ranibizumab across 42 countries. Patients with BRVO were treated according to the local ranibizumab label of the participating countries. Mean change in visual acuity (VA) in Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters from baseline to Year 1, treatment exposure during Year 1, and adverse events (AEs) over 5 years were assessed.
Results: Of the 1366 recruited BRVO patients, 405 were treatment-naïve at baseline with a mean (standard deviation [SD]) age of 67.9 (12.5) years, 57.5% were female, and 71.8% were White. At Year 1 (n = 189), the mean (SD) VA gain was 11.9 (17.66) letters from a baseline of 49.2 (±20.32) letters with a mean (SD) of 5.0 (2.34) injections. VA gains were higher in patients (n = 83) who received 6-9 injections (13.6 [20.16] letters) than in those who received 2-5 injections (n = 92, 11.7 [15.43] letters), or 1 injection (n = 14, 3.6 [13.72] letters). Patients with baseline VA <23 letters had numerically highest VA gains (n = 20, 31.1 [24.48] letters). Over 5 years, the rate of ocular/non-ocular AEs was 7.4%/9.1% and serious AEs was 0.3%/4.4% in treatment-naïve BRVO patients (n = 405).
Conclusions: One year results from the LUMINOUS real-world study showed a clinically meaningful VA improvement with ranibizumab in treatment-naïve patients with BRVO; numerically higher VA gains were achieved in patients who received more injections and those with poor baseline VA. No new safety signals were observed.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01318941.