Background: Management of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) commonly requires long-term treatment.
Objective: The aim of this study was to report the safety and efficacy of dupilumab treatment for up to 3 years in adults with moderate-to-severe AD.
Methods: This ongoing, multicenter, open-label extension study (LIBERTY AD OLE; NCT01949311) assessed dupilumab treatment in adults previously enrolled in dupilumab trials. Patients received dupilumab 300 mg weekly up to 148 weeks. The primary outcome was safety.
Results: Of 2677 patients enrolled and treated, 347 reached week 148. Mean self-reported drug compliance was 98.2%. Safety data were consistent with previously reported trials (270.1 adverse events [AEs]/100 patient-years; 6.9 serious AEs/100 patient-years) and the known dupilumab safety profile. Common AEs (≥ 5% of patients) included nasopharyngitis, AD, upper respiratory tract infection, conjunctivitis, headache, oral herpes, and injection-site reactions. AD signs and symptoms showed sustained improvements during treatment with mean (standard deviation, mean percentage change from parent study baseline) Eczema Area and Severity Index 1.4 (3.2, - 95.4%) and weekly Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale 2.2 (1.8, - 65.4%) at week 148.
Limitations: No control arm; fewer patients at later time points; regimen different from the approved 300 mg every 2 weeks dose.
Conclusion: These safety and efficacy results support dupilumab as a continuous long-term treatment for adults with moderate-to-severe AD.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01949311. Dupilumab provides favorable safety and sustained efficacy for up to 3 years in an open-label study of adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (MP4 139831 kb).