Guidelines for immersive virtual reality in psychological research

Curr Opin Psychol. 2020 Dec;36:71-76. doi: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2020.04.010. Epub 2020 May 11.


Virtual reality (VR) holds immense promise as a research tool to deliver results that are generalizable to the real world. However, the methodology used in different VR studies varies substantially. While many of these approaches claim to use 'immersive VR', the different hardware and software choices lead to issues regarding reliability and validity of psychological VR research. Questions arise about quantifying presence, the optimal level of graphical realism, the problem of being in dual realities and reproducibility of VR research. We discuss how VR research paradigms could be evaluated and offer a list of practical recommendations to have common guidelines for psychological VR research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Virtual Reality*