Objectives: Fitting philosophies for toric orthokeratology are based on elevation or corneal astigmatism, but it is unclear which is more effective. The purpose of this analysis was to further understand corneal shape and the relationship between peripheral elevation and central astigmatism in moderate-to-high astigmats.
Methods: Corneal tomography was measured three times on the right eyes of 25 moderate-to-high refractive myopic astigmatic adults. Corneal astigmatism and elevation were calculated at 4-, 6-, and 8-mm chords. Subjects were fitted with toric orthokeratology lenses following the manufacturer's guidelines based on elevation. Twenty subjects completed 10 days of wear. A masked examiner assessed movement and centration via slitlamp videos and quantified treatment zone and decentration from tangential power difference tomography maps. Correlations between variables were assessed.
Results: Average corneal astigmatism was 2.20±0.70 DC and peripheral elevation was 50.88±18.92 μm and they were strongly correlated (4 mm R2=0.96, 6 mm R2=0.92, 8 mm R2=0.86, all P<0.001). Each diopter of astigmatism equated to 25 μm of elevation at an 8-mm chord. Via slitlamp, average treatment zone area was 12.73±4.62 mm2 and 13 lenses decentered. From tomography, average treatment zone area was 7.16±2.56 mm2 and 17 were decentered. Tomography treatment zone area was negatively correlated with central corneal astigmatism (R2=0.60) and elevation at an 8-mm chord (R2=0.64, both P<0.001).
Conclusions: For tomography images, central corneal astigmatism was highly correlated with peripheral elevation and may be a more expedient measure for clinical use. Treatment area decreased as corneal astigmatism and elevation increased.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03728218.
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