Prevalence and Financial Impact of Claustrophobia, Anxiety, Patient Motion, and Other Patient Events in Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2020 Jun;29(3):125-130. doi: 10.1097/RMR.0000000000000243.


Claustrophobia, other anxiety reactions, excessive motion, and other unanticipated patient events in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) not only delay or preclude diagnostic-quality imaging but can also negatively affect the patient experience. In addition, by impeding MRI workflow, they may affect the finances of an imaging practice. This review article offers an overview of the various types of patient-related unanticipated events that occur in MRI, along with estimates of their frequency of occurrence as documented in the available literature. In addition, the financial implications of these events are discussed from a microeconomic perspective, primarily from the point of view of a radiology practice or hospital, although associated limitations and other economic viewpoints are also included. Efforts to minimize these unanticipated patient events can potentially improve not only patient satisfaction and comfort but also an imaging practice's operational efficiency and diagnostic capabilities.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anxiety / epidemiology
  • Anxiety / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / economics
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / psychology*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / statistics & numerical data
  • Movement
  • Phobic Disorders / epidemiology
  • Phobic Disorders / psychology*
  • Prevalence
  • Treatment Refusal / psychology