The theory of planned behavior and strength training in college-aged women

J Am Coll Health. 2022 Apr;70(3):837-842. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2020.1775606. Epub 2020 Jun 22.


ObjectivesUsing Theory of Planned Behavior, the objective of this study was to determine how attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavior control related to intent to strength training by college-aged women. Participants: Participants were college-aged females (N = 162) from a mid-sized private university in the Midwestern United States who were divided into three groups: non-exercisers, cardiovascular-only exercisers, and strength or strength and cardiovascular exercisers. Methods: Participants completed a questionnaire assessing attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavior control in relation to strength training behavior. MANOVA was utilized to examine the differences between groups. Results: The MANOVA was significant at p < .01. Post hoc analysis indicated strength training participation was significantly higher for non-exercisers and cardiovascular-only exercisers for the attitude and perceived behavior control constructs (p<.05) but not for subjective norm. Conclusions: Perceived behavior control and direct attitude factors may be strong contributors to college-aged women's participation in strength training.

Keywords: Exercise; females; theory of Planned Behavior; weight training.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intention
  • Resistance Training*
  • Students
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Universities
  • Young Adult