Female Soccer Players' Psychological Profile: Differences between Professional and Amateur Players

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jun 18;17(12):4357. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17124357.


The psychological variables that affect competitive performance are called the psychological profile of athletes. In recent years, the interest in female soccer players and the psychological characteristics that affect their performance has increased. The aim of the present study is to analyze the psychological characteristics of female professional soccer players and female amateur soccer players, as well as to determine the differences in the psychological profile of both groups. The participants were 134 federated female soccer players, with an average age of 18.28 years (SD = 4.05). To assess the psychological profile, the questionnaire on Psychological Characteristics related to Sports Performance (CPRD) by Gimeno, Buceta, and Pérez-Llantada (2001) was used. The results showed that female professional players presented higher values for motivation, while the female amateur players presented higher values for stress control and the influence of performance evaluation. These results can have a great impact on coaches' work, since they can help them to establish tasks and training methods consistent with the characteristics of their players.

Keywords: CPRD; competitive performance; female soccer; psychological profile; psychological variables.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Athletes / psychology*
  • Athletic Performance*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Motivation
  • Soccer / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult