Fluorescent nanomaterials combined with molecular imprinting polymer: synthesis, analytical applications, and challenges

Mikrochim Acta. 2020 Jun 22;187(7):399. doi: 10.1007/s00604-020-04353-0.


Fluorescent nanomaterials (FNMs) and molecular imprinted polymers (MIPs) have been widely used in analytical chemistry for determination. However, low selectivity of FNMs and low sensitivity of MIPs hinder their applications. Combining the merits of FNMs and MIPs, FNMs coated with MIPs (FNMs@MIPs) were proposed to solve those problems. Carbon dots, semiconductor quantum dots, noble metal nanoparticles, silica nanoparticles, and covalent-organic frameworks have been reported to be coated with MIPs. In order to overcome challenges for FNMs@MIPs, such as the lack of handy synthesis routes, incompatibility with aqueous solutions, heterogeneous size of particles, leakage of template molecules, the biocompatibility of FNMs@MIPs, and the inference between FNMs and MIPs, scientists proposed some solutions in recent years. We comprehensively review the newest advances of the FNMs@MIPs, and predict the direction of the future development. Graphical abstract.

Keywords: Analytical chemistry; Carbon dots; Fluorescent nanomaterials; Metal organic frameworks; Molecular imprinted polymers; Quantum dots.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't