Background: NGLY1-related congenital disorder of deglycosylation (NGLY1-CDDG) is a multisystemic neurodevelopmental disorder in which affected individuals show developmental delay, epilepsy, intellectual disability, abnormal liver function, and poor growth. This study presents a 10-month-old female infant with elevated liver transaminases, developmental delay, epilepsy (subclinical seizures), and constipation who possesses two compound heterozygous mutations in NGLY1.
Case presentation: The proband was admitted to the Department of Gastroenterology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University, with elevated liver transaminases. She had a history of intrauterine growth retardation and exhibited elevated transaminases, global developmental delay, seizures and light constipation during early infancy. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) and Sanger sequencing revealed two compound heterozygous mutations in NGLY1 that had been inherited in an autosomal recessive manner from her parents. One was a termination mutation, c.1168C > T (p.R390*), and the other was a missense mutation, c.1156G > T (p.D386Y). NGLY1-CDDG is a rare disorder, with a few dozen cases. The two mutations of this proband has not been previously identified.
Conclusions: This study investigated a Chinese proband with NGLY1-CDDG born from healthy parents who was studied using WES and Sanger sequencing to identify the causative mutations. We identified two novel compound heterozygous mutations in NGLY1, c.1168C > T (p.R390*)/c.1156G > T (p.D386Y), which are probably causative of disease.
Keywords: Congenital disorder of deglycosylation; Constipation; Elevated transaminase developmental delay; NGLY1; Seizure.