ANS-6637, a pro-drug of GS-548351, is a selective, reversible inhibitor of aldehyde dehydrogenase isoform 2 under development as an anticraving agent for the treatment of substance use disorders. In vitro testing indicates that GS-548351 is an inhibitor and inducer of cytochrome P450 family 3, subfamily A (CYP3A). In this phase 1 single-center, open-label, fixed-sequence drug-drug interaction study we assessed the impact of steady-state GS-548351 on single-dose pharmacokinetics of midazolam, an index substrate for CYP3A. Twelve healthy volunteers received 600 mg of ANS-6637 by mouth daily from study days 3 to 8 and a single 5-mg oral dose of midazolam on days 1 and 8. Pharmacokinetic samples were collected over 24 hours on days 1 and 8, then analyzed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The prespecified no-effect range for the 90% confidence interval (CI) of the geometric mean ratio (GMR) of midazolam coadministered with ANS-6637 (day 8) compared with midazolam alone (day 1) was 0.7-1.43. There was an increase in midazolam AUC0-∞ (GMR [90%CI]) that was within the no-effect range (1.26 [1.12-1.425]) and an increase in midazolam Cmax that was outside the range (1.22 [1.03-1.45]). The AUC0-∞ (1.08 [0.91-1.27]) and Cmax (0.95 [0.75-1.2]) of 1-hydroxymidazolam, the primary metabolite of midazolam, were also within the no-effect range. A single grade 3 adverse event (alanine aminotransferase elevation) was identified and resolved following discontinuation of the study drug. Overall, multidose ANS-6637 was well tolerated and did not alter the PK of midazolam beyond a small increase in AUC0-∞ that is unlikely to be clinically significant.
Keywords: drug-drug interactions; opioid use; pharmacokinetics; substance use.
© 2020, The American College of Clinical Pharmacology.