Adropin as a secretory peptide has shown a protective role on the disorders of glucose and lipid metabolism. However, the role and mechanism of this peptide on the hepatic glucose production has remained unclear. Adropin knockout (KO) mice were generated to explore its effects on the enhanced hepatic glucose production in obesity. We found that compared to wild-type (WT) mice, adropin-KO mice developed the unbalanced enhanced hepatic glucose production in advance of the whole-body insulin resistance (IR) by high-fat diet (HFD). Mechanistically, adropin dissociated CREB-CRTC2 and FoxO1-PGC1α complex and reduced their binding to the promoters of G6Pase and PEPCK to decrease glucose production in IR. However, these effects were not observed in insulin-sensitive hepatocytes. Furthermore, in IR hepatocytes, dampened AMPK signaling was re-activated by adropin treatment via inhibition of PP2A. To further authenticate AMPK role in vivo, we administrated HFD-fed mice with AAV8-CA AMPKα and found that AMPK activation functionally restored the aberrant glucose production and IR induced by adropin-deficiency. This study provides evidence that adropin activates the AMPK pathway via inhibition of PP2A and decreases the liver glucose production in IR context. Therefore, adropin may represent a novel target for the prevention and treatment of diabetes.
Keywords: AMPK; diabetes; gluconeogenesis; obesity.
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