COVID-19-Related Factors Associated With Sleep Disturbance and Suicidal Thoughts Among the Taiwanese Public: A Facebook Survey

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jun 22;17(12):E4479. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17124479.


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted many aspects of people's lives all over the world. This Facebook survey study aimed to investigate the COVID-19-related factors that were associated with sleep disturbance and suicidal thoughts among members of the public during the COVID-19 pandemic in Taiwan. The online survey recruited 1970 participants through a Facebook advertisement. Their self-reported experience of sleep disturbance and suicidal thoughts in the previous week were collected along with a number of COVID-19-related factors, including level of worry, change in social interaction and daily lives, any academic/occupational interference, levels of social and specific support, and self-reported physical health. In total, 55.8% of the participants reported sleep disturbance, and 10.8% reported having suicidal thoughts in the previous week. Multiple COVID-19-related factors were associated with sleep disturbance and suicidal thoughts in the COVID-19 pandemic. Increased worry about COVID-19, more severe impact of COVID-19 on social interaction, lower perceived social support, more severe academic/occupational interference due to COVID-19, lower COVID-19-specified support, and poorer self-reported physical health were significantly associated with sleep disturbance. Less handwashing, lower perceived social support, lower COVID-19-specified support, poorer self-reported physical health, and younger age were significantly associated with suicidal thoughts. Further investigation is needed to understand the changes in mental health among the public since the mitigation of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19; predictors; sleep disturbance; social activities; suicidal thoughts.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety
  • Betacoronavirus
  • Coronavirus Infections / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health
  • Middle Aged
  • Pandemics
  • Pneumonia, Viral / psychology*
  • Sleep
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Social Media
  • Social Support
  • Suicidal Ideation*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Taiwan / epidemiology

Supplementary concepts

  • COVID-19
  • severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2