Pediatric Trauma: Management and Lessons Learned

J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg. 2020 May-Jun;25(3):142-146. doi: 10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_35_19. Epub 2020 Apr 11.


Aim: The aim is to prospectively study 125 trauma patients admitted in the pediatric surgery ward in our institute.

Materials and methods: Pediatric patients admitted in the ward after initial resuscitation in the triage room were included. Isolated neurosurgical and orthopedic injuries were excluded. X-ray cervical spine, hip, and chest and a focused assessment with sonography in trauma ultrasound were done for all patients. Computed tomography of the abdomen or chest was done where relevant. Injury profile and surgical intervention when needed were analyzed.

Results: Road traffic accidents and fall from height caused 73.6% of the injuries. School-going children were most commonly affected (60.8%). Distinctive injuries were noted such as abdominal wall hernias and delayed bladder perforation. All solid organ injury irrespective of grade treated conservatively. Forty percent of the children required surgical intervention. Five patients after laparotomy were found to have surgical conditions unrelated to trauma, whereas another 14 required delayed surgery. Five patients had injuries secondary to sexual abuse. All except two patients were discharged in a satisfactory condition and are doing well in the follow-up.

Conclusion: In spite of extensive injuries and the need for multiple surgeries, children with trauma have a good prognosis. Close observation during admission and also in follow-up are essential, as many patients may require delayed surgery ≥1 week from injury.

Keywords: Delayed surgery; injury; pediatric trauma; surgical intervention.